AUTHOR, DATE, AND RECIPIENTS Peter identifies himself as an “apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1). He specifically mentions that he was an eyewitness of the transfiguration (1:16–18; see Matt. 17:1–8). Peter probably wrote this letter from prison in Rome (see 2 Pet. 1:12–15) not too long before his death by execution, sometime during A.D. 64–67. It […]

MAR 10, 2019: 1 PETER*

Apostle Peter in his letter to the Christian “exiles” dispersed in the world writes to encourage Christians undergoing suffering and to instruct them how to respond Christianly to their persecutors and to urge them to live lives worthy of their calling. The concerns for Christian living in the context of hostility and suffering are placed within the context of Christ’s suffering […]


Author & Date Zechariah was a prophet and a priest. He began his ministry in 520 BC, shortly after Haggai had begun his prophetic work. Nearly 20 years after returning from the Babylonian exile in the time of Cyrus (538 BC), God’s people were discouraged. The foundation of the temple had been laid shortly after […]

FEB 24, 2019: ZEPHANIAH*

AUTHOR AND DATE Zephaniah prophesied during the reign of Josiah (640–609 B.C.), a Judean king who sought to reestablish acceptable worship practices (2 Kings 22:1–23:30). The name of the prophet, “Zephaniah” means “Yahweh has hidden/protected” which could indicated his parents’ piety, as they trusted in God during the godless reign of Manasseh. The genealogy in […]

FEB 17, 2019: NAHUM*

AUTHOR AND DATE Nahum is a series of judgment oracles and taunts against the Assyrian Empire and its capital city of Nineveh, given by God in a vision to the prophet Nahum, whose name means “comfort.” The prophecies were made sometime between 660–630 B.C. from Elkosh, an unidentified locale in the southern kingdom of Judah. […]