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Mar 17, 2019 2 Peter Overview*

AUTHOR, DATE, AND RECIPIENTS Peter identifies himself as an “apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1). He specifically mentions that he was an eyewitness of the transfiguration (1:16–18; see Matt. 17:1–8). Peter probably wrote this letter from prison in Rome (see 2 Pet. 1:12–15) not too long before his death by execution, sometime during A.D. 64–67. It […]

Mar 10, 2019 1 Peter*

Apostle Peter in his letter to the Christian “exiles” dispersed in the world writes to encourage Christians undergoing suffering and to instruct them how to respond Christianly to their persecutors and to urge them to live lives worthy of their calling. The concerns for Christian living in the context of hostility and suffering are placed within the context of Christ’s suffering […]

Mar 3, 2019 Zechariah Overview*

Author & Date Zechariah was a prophet and a priest. He began his ministry in 520 BC, shortly after Haggai had begun his prophetic work. Nearly 20 years after returning from the Babylonian exile in the time of Cyrus (538 BC), God’s people were discouraged. The foundation of the temple had been laid shortly after […]

Feb 24, 2019 Zephaniah*

AUTHOR AND DATE Zephaniah prophesied during the reign of Josiah (640–609 B.C.), a Judean king who sought to reestablish acceptable worship practices (2 Kings 22:1–23:30). The name of the prophet, “Zephaniah” means “Yahweh has hidden/protected” which could indicated his parents’ piety, as they trusted in God during the godless reign of Manasseh. The genealogy in […]

Feb 17, 2019 Nahum*

AUTHOR AND DATE Nahum is a series of judgment oracles and taunts against the Assyrian Empire and its capital city of Nineveh, given by God in a vision to the prophet Nahum, whose name means “comfort.” The prophecies were made sometime between 660–630 B.C. from Elkosh, an unidentified locale in the southern kingdom of Judah. […]

Feb 10, 2019 Micah*

Micah prophesied between 735-710 B.C. during the reigns of the Judean kings Jotham (750–735 B.C.), Ahaz (735–715), and Hezekiah (715–687). The time span roughly parallels those of other eighth-century prophets like Hosea (Hos. 1:1) and Isaiah (Isa. 1:1).  THE GOSPEL IN MICAH God deals with sinners in one of two ways: deserved justice, or undeserved […]

February 3, 2019 Jonah*

Careful readers of the book of Jonah find it to be an ingenious and artfully crafted work of literature. Its four chapters recount two incidents. In chapter 1 and 2 Jonah is given a command from God but fails to obey it; and in chapters 3 and 4 he is given the command again and […]

Jan 20, 2019 Joel*

The Book of Joel predicts a great locus plague that will devastate the land of Judah, a plague that will be a harbinger of an even more dreadful “day of of the Lord” that Judah will face, if it does not repent. Repentance is crucial for the reversal of Judah’s fortunes. Structurally we see negative […]